All About Congenital Syphilis

Looking for or searching for Congenital Syphilis then you are in the right place. Here you’ll get each and every information about it.

What is congenital syphilis?

Congenital syphilis is an infectious disease often found in infants. An infant acquires the disease from an infected mother while still in the uterus through the placenta. The mother might have gotten infected with syphilis before or even during her pregnancy. The disease stays in the uterus and is passed on to the unborn baby.

What causes congenital syphilis?

The cause of congenital syphilis is a bacterium known as Treponema pallidum. The bacterium which is present in a pregnant woman infected with syphilis is later passed to the baby before or during birth. In some cases, the disease can cause the death of the baby if not detected early and treated. It can also be the cause of a stillbirth.

It is also one of the biggest causes of Mulberry Molars. On healthtippshub, you can read about it in detail.

Symptoms

The symptoms of congenital syphilis may become evident after about three weeks or take as long as five years to appear. It is therefore classified into two; early congenital syphilis which manifests itself in the first three weeks of life and late congenital syphilis which may take as much as two years to be seen.

Symptoms of early congenital syphilis include a birth weight that is low, high cholesterol levels in the baby at birth, yellowing of the skin or otherwise known as jaundice, enlargement of the liver and the spleen, mental retardation, the skin around the palms and soles starts coming off, convulsions, rash, fever, swelling of the joints, anemia and monocytosis (monocytes in the blood circulation increase in number.

The symptoms of late congenital syphilis may characterize themselves as pain in the bones, Hutchinson’s teeth which are teeth centrally notched and peg-shaped upper central incisors, interstitial keratitis involving cornea inflammation and might even cause blindness, mulberry molars(poorly developed cusps in the first permanent molars), short upper jawbone and saddle nose.

Treatment

Congenital syphilis is a disease that can be avoided altogether. A pregnant woman should undergo a syphilis test and if diagnosed with it, proper treatment should be administered right away. Penicillin is the antibiotic that is used in the treatment of syphilis in the mother and also congenital syphilis in a case where the baby acquires the infection.

A blood test may be done on the first prenatal visit and the mother test negative for syphilis. It is therefore recommended that a repeat test is done before the last month of the pregnancy since she might have contracted syphilis later on in the pregnancy. The chances of the unborn baby contracting congenital syphilis are especially greatly reduced if the mother gets treatment before the 16th week of her pregnancy. What this means is that every expecting mother that thinks that they may have contracted syphilis before or during the pregnancy should request for a testy. If recognized early enough, the infant may be saved. However, if left untreated, the mother and the child may be at high risk.

Other antibiotics used in the treatment include the corticosteroid drugs and also alpine drops for the treatment of interstitial keratitis.